Hobart

Hobart
/ˈhoʊbat/ (say 'hohbaht)

noun
the capital of Tasmania, on the Derwent River; seaport.
{named after Robert Hobart, 4th Earl of Buckinghamshire, 1760–1816, British administrator, secretary for the colonies 1801–04}
The Hobart region lies in territory traditionally inhabited by the Nuenonne and Paredarerme peoples. A small party of settlers, convicts and soldiers under Lieutenant John Bowen, sent from Sydney by Governor King to establish a British settlement, arrived at the Derwent River in September 1803. They established themselves at Risdon Cove, near the eastern end of the present Bowen Bridge. The settlement was named Hobart. In February 1804, however, a larger party under Lieutenant Colonel David Collins arrived. This group had been sent from England to establish a settlement in Port Phillip Bay but after a few months Collins decided to transfer to the Derwent. He moved the Risdon Cove settlement to Sullivan's Cove, a few kilometres downstream on the western bank, and renamed it Hobart Town, which remained its official name until 1881. The transplanted settlement developed as a port and base for South Seas whalers and a shipbuilding centre, and in 1825, with Van Diemen's Land's separation from NSW, became the colonial capital. Parliament House, built by convicts in 1835–40 as Hobart's first customs house and bond store, was converted to its present use when the colony became self-governing in 1856. The first Sydney to Hobart yacht race was held in 1949. Hobart plays an important role as a staging post for Antarctic expeditions and research: both the International Division for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources and the Australian Antarctic Division are headquartered here. The city's heritage buildings, many of which date from the 1830s, include Anglesea Barracks, begun in 1814 and now the oldest military establishment in Australia still used by the army, and the sandstone former warehouses of Salamanca Place.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Hobart — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hobart — Von oben nach unten: Hobart CBD; Wrest Point Hotel Casino; Salamanca Market; Hobart Cenotaph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hobart — • Archdiocese comprises Tasmania, Bruni Island, and the Cape Barren, Flinders, King, and other islands in Bass Straits Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hobart     Archdiocese of Hobart …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hobart — Hobart, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 390 Housing Units (2000): 200 Land area (2000): 0.510575 sq. miles (1.322382 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.510575 sq. miles (1.322382 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • HOBART — HOBAR Fondée quelques années seulement après Sydney (1803), Hobart, capitale de l’État de Tasmanie, n’est pas une ville très importante (182 000 hab. en 1991). Elle est située dans le sud de l’île, au fond d’une baie magnifique. Le centre urbain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hobart, IN — U.S. city in Indiana Population (2000): 25363 Housing Units (2000): 10299 Land area (2000): 26.214645 sq. miles (67.895616 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.491627 sq. miles (1.273309 sq. km) Total area (2000): 26.706272 sq. miles (69.168925 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hobart, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 390 Housing Units (2000): 200 Land area (2000): 0.510575 sq. miles (1.322382 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.510575 sq. miles (1.322382 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hobart, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 3997 Housing Units (2000): 1979 Land area (2000): 2.713609 sq. miles (7.028214 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.713609 sq. miles (7.028214 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hobart, WA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Washington Population (2000): 6251 Housing Units (2000): 2263 Land area (2000): 18.660262 sq. miles (48.329854 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.112749 sq. miles (0.292018 sq. km) Total area (2000): 18.773011 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Hobart [2] — Hobart, 1) Augustus Charles H. (Hobart Pascha), geb. 1. April 1822, gest. 19. Juni 1886 in Mailand, dritter Sohn des sechsten Grafen von Buckinghamshire, trat 1836 in die englische Marine ein und zeichnete sich 1854 und 1855 während des Krieges… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hobart —   [ həʊbɑːt], Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates und der Insel Tasmanien, Australien, an der tiefen, buchtartigen Mündung des Derwent und am Fuße des Mount Wellington (1 270 m über dem Meeresspiegel), 195 000 Einwohner; Kultur , Wirtschafts und… …   Universal-Lexikon


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»